The defending side may halt their opponent’s advance by tackling, stripping the opposing player of the ball, or forcing a turnover of possession. Tackles must be made below the opponent’s shoulders and the tackler’s arms must wrap around the tacklee.
Penalty Kicks and Free Kicks
Penalty and free kicks are awarded to the non-offending team for numerous infractions throughout the game. Penalty kicks are usually used to attempt to score or to gain territorial advantage by kicking the ball into touch (in this case, the team who kicked the ball into touch will throw-in at the line-out). Free kicks cannot be used to score and are usually taken as very small kicks which are then picked up and carried forward.
Penalty and free kicks must be taken from the point of infraction. The offending team must retreat 10 meters from this point.